Updated Feb. 10, 2017
Hirshhorn’s “Yayoi Kusama: Infinity Mirrors” Is the First Exhibition to Span Five Decades of the Artist’s Immersive Installations
North American Tour Is First in Nearly Two Decades
Opening at the HIrshhorn Museum and Scupture Garden Feb. 23–May 14, “Yayoi Kusama: Infinity Mirrors” is the first exhibition to explore the evolution of the celebrated Japanese artist’s immersive, kaleidoscopic Infinity Mirror Rooms, alongside a selection of her other key works, some never before seen in the U.S. Following its D.C. debut, the exhibition will embark on the most significant North American tour of Kusama’s work in nearly two decades through 2019.
Visitors will have the unprecedented opportunity to discover six of Kusama’s captivating Infinity Mirror, as well as large-scale paintings, whimsical installations, sculpture and rare archival material from her 65-year-career. From her radical performances in the 1960’s, when she staged underground polka dot “Happenings” on the streets of New York, to her latest Infinity Mirror Room, “All the Eternal Love I Have for the Pumpkins” (2016), the Hirshhorn exhibition will showcase Kusama’s full range of talent for the first time in D.C.
“Yayoi Kusama, who, at this stage of her career, is a worldwide phenomenon, has the ability to inspire audiences of all ages with the power of her art. It is a privlege and an honor to collaborate with our four partnering institutions to offer audiences across North America the opportunity to experience more than six decades of her artistic output,” said Melissa Chiu, the Hirshhorn’s director.
“Yayoi Kusama: Infinity Mirrors” will travel to five major museums in the United States and Canada, including the Seattle Art Museum (June 30–Sept. 10, 2017), The Broad in Los Angeles (Oct. 21, 2017–Jan. 1, 2018), the Art Gallery of Ontario (March 3—May 27, 2018), the Cleveland Museum of Art (July 9–Sept. 30, 2018), and the High Museum of Art in Atlanta (Nov. 18, 2018–Feb. 17, 2019)
About the Exhibition
Organized in loose thematic order, “Yayoi Kusama: Infinity Mirrors” begins with the artist’s milestone installation “Infinity Mirror Room—Phalli’s Field” (1965/2016), a dense and dizzying field of hundreds of red-spotted phallic tubers in a room lined with mirrors.
The exhibition will also include “Infinity Mirror Room—Love Forever” (1966/1994), a hexagonal chamber into which viewers will be able to peer from the outside, seeing colored flashing lights that reflect endlessly from ceiling to floor. The work is a re-creation of Kusama’s legendary 1966 mirror room “Kusama’s Peep Show” (no longer extant), in which the artist used to stage group performances in her studio in the late 1960s.
Kusama’s signature bold polka dots will be featured in “Dots Obsession—Love Transformed into Dots” (2007), a domed mirror room surrounded by inflatables suspended from the ceiling. More recent spectacular LED environments, filled with lanterns or crystalline balls that seem to extend into infinite space, will be represented by “Aftermath of Obliteration of Eternity” (2009) and “Souls of Millions of Light Years Away” (2013).
“As Yayoi Kusama’s work is realized in different spaces, each venue will offer a unique sensory journey through Kusama’s world,” said Hirshhorn Associate Curator Mika Yoshitake, who organized the exhibition. “When visitors explore the exhibition, they will inevitably become part of the works themselves, challenging their preconceived notions of autonomy, time and space.”
A selection of more than 60 paintings, sculptures and works on paper will also be on view, showcasing many of Kusama’s lesser-known collages, made after her return to Japan in 1973. These works trace the artist’s trajectory from her early surrealist works on paper, Infinity Net paintings and Accumulation assemblages to recent paintings and soft sculptures, highlighting recurring themes of nature and fantasy, utopia and dystopia, unity and isolation, obsession and detachment, and life and death.
The exhibition will conclude with Kusama’s iconic participatory installation “The Obliteration Room” (2002), an all-white replica of a traditional domestic setting. Upon entering, visitors will be invited to cover every surface of the furnished gallery with multicolored polka dot stickers, gradually engulfing the entire space in pulsating color.
Kusama’s 8-foot-tall “Pumpkin” stands watch over the Hirshhorn’s central Plaza, greeting visitors in its U.S. museum debut. Its surreal scale and bold yellow-and-black pattern embody two of Kusama’s most recognized motifs: pumpkisn and polka-dots.
“Yayoi Kusama: Infinity Mirrors” will be accompanied by an exhibition catalog, available for purchase online, that takes an unprecedented interdisciplinary approach to her work and includes a catalogue raisonne of Kusama’s Infinity Rooms, along with an illustrated chronology and artist biography with newly published archival material. The contributing authors will introduce new research that sheds light on this pioneering contemporary artist, including essays by Yoshitake, Gloria Sutton and Alexander Dumbadze and an interview with Kusama conducted by Chiu.
About the Artist
Kusama was born in Matsumoto, Nagano, Japan, in 1929, and works at her studio in Tokyo. She studied traditional Nihonga (Japanese-style) painting in Kyoto and moved to New York City in 1958. There, she was active in avant-garde circles during the formative years of pop art and minimalism, exhibiting her work alongside such artists as Andy Warhol, Claes Oldenburg and Allan Kaprow—figures who have cited Kusama as influential to the development of assemblage, environmental art and performative practices.
Kusama exhibited widely in Italy, Germany and the Netherlands in the mid-’60s, participating in exhibitions with artists associated with Nul, Zero and the New Tendency in Europe, where she began developing her interest in the optics and interactive elements of mirrors, electric lights, sound and kinetics.
Kusama’s fame grew in the late 1960s through her radical antiwar happenings, which espoused nudity and polka dots in the streets of New York. Because of ongoing struggles with her health, Kusama returned to Japan in 1973, where she has since resided. In recent years, Kusama has achieved celebrity status as well as tremendous critical respect.
About the Hirshhorn
The Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden is the national museum of modern and contemporary art and a leading voice for 21st-century art and culture. Part of the Smithsonian, the Hirshhorn is located prominently on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. With nearly 12,000 paintings, sculptures, photographs, mixed-media installations, works on paper and new media works, its holdings encompass one of the most important collections of postwar American and European art in the world. The Hirshhorn presents diverse exhibitions and offers an array of public programs on the art of our time—free to all, 364 days a year. For more information, visit hirshhorn.si.edu.
Photos (left to right): Installation view of “Infinity Mirror Room—Phalli’s Field” (1965) in “Floor Show,” Castellane Gallery, New York, 1965. Courtesy of Ota Fine Arts, Tokyo/Singapore; Victoria Miro, London; David Zwirner, New York; “Infinity Mirrored Room—The Souls of Millions of Light Years Away” (2013). Courtesy of David Zwirner, N.Y. © Yayoi Kusama.